Buy low, sell high, and do not eat yellow snow.
The Tinkerbell Effect
The global economy post-COVID has all the trappings of a chapter in Malcolm Gladwell’s The Tipping Point. For those unfamiliar, the premise goes something like this—undercurrents of change tend to be benign until critical mass is reached, and a reversal of long-term trends is triggered by a single event.
There are three long-term trends which have been exacerbated by the easy money policies of the Federal Reserve and U.S. government: increasing asset prices (stocks and real estate), decreasing interest rates, and the absence of price inflation. Since “QE Infinity” and massive stimulus bills were introduced in March 2020, these headlines are getting more attention as common sense economic theory would suggest a turning of the tide.
Policymakers, however, seem undeterred. It looks more likely that the training wheels are going to come off for the U.S. economy. The Federal Reserve has characterized elevated inflation data as “transitory,” and the Biden administration appears to share this viewpoint.
Janet Yellen, former Federal Reserve chair and current Treasury secretary, recently stated, “It may be that interest rates will have to rise somewhat to make sure that our economy doesn’t overheat.” The comments were in the context of the planned $4 trillion of infrastructure and welfare spending over the next decade, rather than the $5.2 trillion economic stimulus enacted because of the pandemic. You say potato, I say po-ta-to.
This is a tricky game. Inflation is typically combated with increases in interest rates or contractionary fiscal policy. The Biden administration is doing the opposite, and the Federal Reserve is still flooding the markets with cash while keeping rates near-zero. It is no wonder—the alternative tends to choke off economic growth and is therefore untenable for policymakers until it becomes an emergency.
The constant reassurance that inflation and rate increases will be “modest” underscores the reality that belief plays a major role in these economic phenomena. In our conversations with clients, friends, and other financial professionals, we have been hard-pressed to hear a dissenting voice that spikes in inflation and interest rates are near on the horizon.
And the market agrees with this sentiment—the chart on the right shows the likelihood of the Consumer Price Index being above 3% within the next five years. It has reached a high of the last decade, comparable to the uncertainty as the U.S. economy pulled out of the Great Recession.
While this has been a discussion point for quite some time, the threat of inflation is becoming more imminent. Businesses are experiencing labor shortages and famous investors such as Warren Buffet are making headlines. “We’re seeing very substantial inflation,” Buffett said at Berkshire Hathaway’s annual meeting in May. “We’re raising prices and people are raising prices to us.”
This adds fuel to the fire for investors already nervous about the market. For this reason, we think that any selloffs will be exacerbated—extreme volatility when jobs numbers are announced, Federal Open Market Committee meeting minutes are released, and news stories of Covid-19 resurgence or variants are reported.
There is certainly a reason for the worry. The consumer price index jumped 5.4% in June from a year ago, a 13-year high, following a 5% rise in May. Wholesale prices have also climbed, portending an increase in costs for consumers. The producer price index was up 7.3% last month, the biggest yearly gain since at least 2010.
The American Rescue Plan has pumped a huge amount of purchasing power into the economy, while affluent households are now ready to go on a spending spree. There has never been this much cash sitting on the sidelines—nearly $5 trillion, as a matter of fact. This is significantly above the record $3.8 trillion in cash back in January 2009. Typically, Americans keep 7-8% of their income in savings. In 2020, that rate surged to over 33%. According to the FDIC, more than $2 trillion has been stockpiled into individual bank accounts. This looks like a classic case of too much money chasing too few goods, explaining the recent rise in inflation.
Simultaneously, the economy is booming (at least on paper). The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) expects GDP to grow at a breakneck 7.4% pace this year, and 3.1% in 2022. This would amount to the strongest two-year growth spurt the United States has put together in 37 years.
But alas, the “powers that be” may have a point when they advise to allay inflation fears. The post-pandemic boom, fueled by pent-up demand for services, trillions in extra savings and trillions more in government aid, will fade. The CBO projects that growth beyond 2022 will slow substantially—1.1% in 2023 and an average of 1.2% in 2024 and 2025. These figures represent the slowest sustained growth the United States has seen outside of a recession from data going back to 1929.
As the title of a recent article in The Economist points out, there are certainly Fault Lines in the World Economy. The important lesson from the CBO projections is that for policymakers to be successful, the economy will grow at a slower pace moving forward. Eventually, somebody must pay the piper.
The appropriate guidance is to remain invested and prepare for returns to be lower for longer. Fear is likely to be high during the dramatic economic boom (somewhat counterintuitive) and should subside in the leveling off. Robert Shiller, a Yale professor famous for the cyclically adjusted price/earnings ratio, was once quoted as saying, “we have to consider the possibility that sometimes the dominant reason why a recession is severe is related to the prevalence and vividness of certain stories, not the purely economic feedback or multipliers that economists love to model.”
Inflation and the next bear market may have more in common with a Disney princess than economic models—for Tinkerbell to be real, you must believe in her.
Stocks for the Long Run
While runaway inflation may be a red herring, even a return to normal could be jarring. The Federal Reserve’s stated inflation mandate is 2%. Over the last decade, this has persistently been near zero. If you consider the magnitude of this movement relative to the baseline, coupled with investors believing in inflation, it is important to consider hedging your portfolio.
As all our clients already know, we are not tactical by any means. Our investment strategy is a long-term, planning focused, buy and hold approach. Enter dividend stocks.
Evercore, a global independent investment banking advisory firm, recently released a study showing that the 10-year Treasury yield and the performance of high-dividend stocks are closely correlated to the direction of inflation expectations. As bond yields go higher, investors have less desire for Treasuries since bond prices and yields move in opposite directions. Companies paying dividends fit the bill of a “bond proxy,” which attracts extra buying interest that lifts their prices. More importantly, many companies paying high dividends are those that stand to gain the most from a strengthening economy (i.e., well-capitalized, strong cash flow).
Dividend-paying stocks are typically considered to be “value” stocks. According to Cirrus Research, during three of the four major periods when value stocks outperformed growth in recent decades—2016, 1992, and the early 2000s—strong dividend payers outpaced those offering less.
So, while this may be an opportunistic time, this strategy works well from a financial planning perspective as a core part of almost any portfolio:
Accumulating Wealth (pre-retirement)
Living on Wealth (post-retirement)
· Preferable tax treatment
· Long-term compounding with dividend reinvestment
· Bear market protection with dollar-cost averaging back into market
· Preferable tax treatment
· Income protection (living on dividends when market is down)
· Less price volatility
Any investor can benefit from the preferential tax treatment of stocks paying qualified dividends. This contrasts with ordinary dividends, which are taxed at normal income tax brackets, as qualified dividends are taxed at capital gains rates. Since most Americans agree that income tax rates are likely to increase, a portfolio with greater tax preference is advantageous.
To illustrate the points of protection and compounding, the best example is the 2008 Financial Crisis:
Oct. 2007 to Mar. 2009
Time to recovery
5 years, 5 months
2 years, 11 months
*Using the Planning Capital Dividend Stock Portfolio, an equal-weighted, diversified portfolio of 15 stocks
Time to recovery is the compelling point—in a catastrophic scenario, stable dividend stocks will be filling in a smaller hole with a bigger shovel. Retirees have less pressure to sell distressed investments to create cash flow. Accumulators are buying more shares by reinvesting the same dividends into lower prices. In this way, buying and holding, not market timing, is the secret sauce.
The “inflation trade” will continue sprouting new headlines about how to best hedge your investments. New-fangled schemes such as Bitcoin ETFs (yet to be approved by the SEC), as well as the traditional routes of TIPS bonds and gold will be highlighted. We believe most of this is noise. Stocks of domestic companies with a long history of dividend consistency and growth, strong current cash flow, and exemplary capital stewardship should weather all storms. It is boring, but it works.
From Half Baked to Fully Cooked
Conversations we have had about how to invest in the budding cannabis industry have become too numerous to count. Our initial reactions ranged from “it’s speculative” to “it’s downright risky.” With the advent of some funds tracking the sector, as well as legalizations in a dozen states with more to follow, this is becoming less of a fad and more of a mainstay. Most recently, New Jersey has lived up to its namesake, “The Garden State,” as three bills were signed in February to allow recreational marijuana.
It still feels new, but it has been almost a decade since Colorado and Washington legalized marijuana. Economists and other researchers have had enough time to study the effects of the policy and now have some real findings—here are some of the most interesting:
- Legalization has not affected crime rates — Proponents of legalizing weed claimed it would reduce violent crimes. Opponents said it would increase violent crimes. A study released earlier this year by the CATO Institute found that violent crime has neither soared nor plummeted in the wake of marijuana legalization.
- Legalization has not affected traffic accidents and fatalities — There have been several studies, most notably from economists Benjamin Hansen, Keaton S. Miller, and Caroline Weber, in both Colorado and Washington suggesting marijuana has neither positively nor negatively affected traffic accidents and fatalities.
- The price of getting high has stayed high — Many people believed that marijuana prices would crash after legalization, but a recent study by the CATO institute found prices have barely budged, not to mention that price has converged across states. As one economist put it, “this is consistent with the idea that legalization diverts marijuana commerce from underground markets to legal retail shops, allowing retailers to charge a premium as the preferred supplier.”
- Legalization has created a ton of jobs — A new report by Leafly and Whitney Economics finds that the marijuana industry created approximately 77,000 jobs in 2020. There are currently 321,000 jobs in the legal marijuana industry across the country, more than the mining industry.
- Legalization is good for state budgets — Tax revenue from legal recreational marijuana has surpassed everyone’s expectations. Colorado typically collects more than $20 million a month. California collects over $50 million every month. Furthermore, an interesting paper by a team of economists estimates that the number of workers aged 40-62 who received income from workers compensation programs fell by about 20% following legalization. Evidence suggests that the reason for the decline is that marijuana provides “an additional form of pain management therapy” that reduces use of opioids.
- Big Marijuana is finding untapped markets — After legalization, naturally, marijuana use has been found to increase. A study in the American Journal for Preventative Medicine found that the decades-long decline of marijuana use amongst teens in Washington is reversing, and that adults over 26 consume more cannabis after legalization. The use of cannabis by adults 65 years and older in the United States has increased seven-fold according to an AARP-sponsored study.
These data points can certainly have different interpretations, whether you are an advocate or detractor, a user or abstainer, an investor or bystander. This is not meant to suggest investing in the industry, rather to highlight some real information which is no longer speculative. With Virginia appearing to be on the brink of legalizing and several other states likely to follow, this is no longer something that can be written off or ignored.
We hope you enjoyed the topics covered in this commentary. If you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact us. We welcome the opportunity to discuss our thoughts in greater detail. Thank you for your continued confidence in Planning Capital.
The Planning Capital Team
Daniel B. Brady, MBA, CFP® │ Partner, Senior Financial Planner
Richard W. Bell, Jr., CKA® │ Partner, Senior Financial Planner
Jay D. Ahlbeck, CLU®, ChFC® │ Senior Financial Planner
Paul C. McClatchy, MBA, CFP® │ Senior Financial Planner
Jeffrey A. Sprowles, CFP® │ Senior Financial Planner
David A. Emery, MBA, CFP®, CDFA® │ Senior Financial Planner
 Eric Platt, “Yellen Says Rates May Have to Rise,” Financial Times, May 4, 2021
 Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis
 Matthew Rocco, “US consumers increasingly worried by rising inflation,” Financial Times, July 16, 2021
 Matt McCall, “A Tidal Wave of Cash Is About to Hit the Markets,” Yahoo! Finance, December 12, 2020
 Andrew Van Dam, “What happens when $5.2 trillion stimulus wears off?” The Washington Times, July 12, 2021
 Jacob Sonenshine, “Inflation Is Good News for Stocks with High Dividends,” Barron’s, May 16, 2021
 Rob Williams, “Market Volatility: What If You Don’t Have Time to Recover?” Schwab Research, March 9, 2016
 Greg Rosalsky, “The Data on Legalizing Weed,” NPR Planet Money, March 16, 2021